|Skylab Earth Resource Experiment Package critical design review - NON|
An outline of the conference for reviewing the design of the EREP is presented. Systems design for review include: tape recorder, support equipment, view finder/tracking, support hardware, and control and display panel.
Keywords: BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM; HUMAN BODY; HYPOKINESIA; GLUCOSE; MEDICAL PHENOMENA
|THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF CALCIUM SUPEROXIDE - TSENTSIPER, A. B.|
A STUDY HAS BEEN MADE OF THE KINETICS OF DECOMPOSITION OF CALCIUM SUPEROXIDE PREPARED BY VACUUM DECOMPOSITION OF THE COMPOUND CAO2.2H2O2. AN ACTIVATION ENERGY FOR THE PROCESS EQUAL TO 44 KCAL/MOLE HAS BEEN FOUND. MOREOVER, THERE IS INITIALLY A RISE IN THE SUPEROXIDE/PEROXIDE RATIO (SAMPLES OF THE SUPEROXIDE ARE NEVER PURE, AND USUALLY CONTAIN 50% OR LESS OF THE SUPEROXIDE); THIS RISE IS ATTRIBUTED TO A CONTINUATION OF THE SAME TYPE OF REACTION AS THAT INVOLVED IN THE INITIAL PREPARATION, A FURTH...
Keywords: CLINICAL MEDICINE; HYPODYNAMIA; NERVOUS SYSTEM; BIOMEDICAL DATA; HUMAN REACTIONS; HYPOKINESIA; MUSCLES; PHYSICAL EXERCISE
|IMPROVEMENTS APPLIED TO METHODS OF PREPARING INORGANIC AEROGELS - STANISLAS, J. T.|
METHODS FOR PREPARATION OF INORGANIC AEROGELS, ESPECIALLY OF THE SILICA VARIETY, GELS IN WHICH THE DISPERSION MEDIUM IS A GAS OR A VAPOR ARE DISCUSSED. METHODS DESCRIBED WERE DESIGNED TO ENABLE SPEED IN PRODUCTION, REDUCTION OF COSTS, AND MORE DIVERSE USES FOR AEROGELS.
Keywords: HUMAN REACTIONS; HYPOKINESIA; LONG TERM EFFECTS; THERMOREGULATION; BODY TEMPERATURE; ORTHOSTATIC TOLERANCE; PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; SKIN TEMPERATURE (BIOLOGY)
|PERTURBATION OF A NEARLY-CIRCULAR ORBIT - TIMOSHKOVA, Y. I.|
THE SATELLITE MOTION IN A GRAVITATIONAL FIELD OF A NONSPHERICAL ROTATING PLANET IS CONSIDERED. THE MOTION IN THE FIELD OF TWO FIXED CENTERS IS TAKEN AS THE UNPERTURBED ONE. THE LAGRANGE-TYPE EQUATIONS ARE DERIVED FOR THE PERTURBED ELEMENTS OF THE INTERMEDIATE NEARLY-CIRCULAR ORBIT. THE INTEGRATION OF THESE EQUATIONS IS FULFILLED AND THE EXPRESSIONS ARE GIVEN FOR THE CALCULATION OF THE SECULAR, LONG-PERIOD AND SHORT-PERIOD PERTURBATIONS CAUSED BY AN ARBITRARY HARMONICS OF THE PLANET'S POTENTIAL.
Keywords: BLOOD PRESSURE; HYPOKINESIA; MUSCULAR FUNCTION; PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BED REST; ORTHOSTATIC TOLERANCE
|Asymmetry Effects in Numerical Simulation of Supersonic Flows with Upstream Separated Regions - Rodriguez, C. G|
The present paper studies the numerical simulation of flows with shock/boundary-layer upstream interaction, under conditions of symmetry in geometry, boundary conditions, and grid. For this purpose, a series of two- and three-dimensional numerical test-cases were carried out. The tests showed that standard numerical schemes, which appear to be symmetry-preserving under most flow configurations, produce nonsymmetric perturbations when large separated regions are present...
Keywords: BODY FLUIDS; MALES; COMPARTMENTS; HEMODYNAMIC RESPONSES; HEMODYNAMICS; HYPOKINESIA; PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES; CALVES; THIGH; TORSO
|Develop techniques and procedures, using multispectral systems, to identify from remotely sensed data the physical and thermal characteristics of plants and soil - NON|
There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
Keywords: BED REST; DIETS; HUMAN REACTIONS; HYPOKINESIA; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; CLINICAL MEDICINE; HOMOGENIZING; RESPIRATION
|NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF VORTEX SHEETS ISSUING FROM A SEPARATION LINE NEAR THE LEADING EDGE - REHBACH, C|
THE FORMATION OF A VORTEX SHEET ALONG A LINE NEAR THE LEADING EDGE OF SLENDER DELTA WINGS IS ANALYZED. AN ITERATIVE CALCULATION METHOD IS PROPOSED WHICH IS BASED ON THE SUBSTITUTION OF THE VORTEX SHEET REPRESENTING THE WING AND ITS TRAILING SHEET BY A NETWORK OF CONCENTRATED LINE VORTICES. THE METHOD IS LIMITED TO PLANE DELTA WINGS. RESULTS OF THE NUMERICAL METHOD ARE COMPARED WITH DATA OBTAINED IN A WATER TUNNEL.
Keywords: ARTERIES; TISSUES (BIOLOGY); HYPODYNAMIA; HYPOKINESIA; MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM; PELVIS; RABBITS; IMMOBILIZATION; MORPHOLOGY; MUSCULAR FUNCTION
|Decay of far flow field in trailing vortices - Baldwin, B. S.|
A finite difference machine code is used in the wake vortex problems in the quasi-cylindrical boundary layer approximation. A turbulent energy model containing new features is developed that accounts for the major effects disclosed by more advanced models in which the parameters are not yet established. Several puzzles that arose in previous theoretical investigations of wake vortices are resolved.
Keywords: HEMODYNAMIC RESPONSES; HYPOKINESIA; OTOLARYNGOLOGY; AUDIOMETRY; BED REST; COCHLEA; CORIOLIS EFFECT; TACHYCARDIA; VESTIBULAR TESTS
|A theory of solar filaments - Kippenhahn, R., et al|
No Abstract Available
Keywords: BIOASTRONAUTICS; PROPHYLAXIS; WEIGHTLESSNESS; CONFINEMENT; HUMAN REACTIONS; IMMOBILIZATION; BED REST; HEMODYNAMICS; HYPOKINESIA; ISOLATION; PHYSICAL EXERCISE
|Teaching audience analysis to the technical student - Debs, M. B.|
Teaching audience analysis, as practiced in a technical writing course for engineering students, is discussed. Audience analysis is described as the task of defining the audience for a particular piece of writing and determining those characteristics of the audience which constrain the writer and effect reception of the message. A mature technical writing style that shows the tension produced when a text is written to be read and understood is considered in terms of audience analysis...
Keywords: ANIMALS; INTESTINES; MUSCLES; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM; HYPODYNAMIA; HYPOKINESIA; PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; SPACE FLIGHT STRESS; WEIGHTLESSNESS; ALTITUDE TOLERANCE; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; IMMOBILIZATION
|Comparative Packaging Study - Perchonok, Michele|
This viewgraph presentation describes a comparative packaging study for use on long duration space missions. The topics include: 1) Purpose; 2) Deliverables; 3) Food Sample Selection; 4) Experimental Design Matrix; 5) Permeation Rate Comparison; and 6) Packaging Material Information.
Keywords: ASTRONAUTS; INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION; HYPOKINESIA; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; MENTAL HEALTH; PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS; PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY; HEAD DOWN TILT; BED REST; MEDICAL SERVICES; ISOLATION; CONFINEMENT
|Learning from Automation Surprises and ''Going Sour'' Accidents: Progress on Human-Centered Automation - Woods, David D.|
Advances in technology and new levels of automation on commercial jet transports has had many effects. There have been positive effects from both an economic and a safety point of view. The technology changes on the flight deck also have had reverberating effects on many other aspects of the aviation system and different aspects of human performance. Operational experience, research investigations, incidents, and occasionally accidents have shown that new and sometimes surprising problems have a...
Keywords: RATS; HEART FUNCTION; EXPOSURE; ELEVATION; DECONDITIONING; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; BODY FLUIDS; HEAD DOWN TILT; MICROGRAVITY; SYSTOLIC PRESSURE; PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES; HYPOKINESIA; HEART RATE
|Reliable communication in the presence of failures - Birman, Kenneth P.|
The design and correctness of a communication facility for a distributed computer system are reported on. The facility provides support for fault-tolerant process groups in the form of a family of reliable multicast protocols that can be used in both local- and wide-area networks. These protocols attain high levels of concurrency, while respecting application-specific delivery ordering constraints, and have varying cost and performance that depend on the degree of ordering desired...
Keywords: ERYTHROCYTES; HYPOKINESIA; LIFE SCIENCES; MICROGRAVITY; RATS; LOSSES; PATHOGENESIS; REGULATORY MECHANISMS (BIOLOGY); SPACE ADAPTATION SYNDROME; SPACE FLIGHT; SPACE SHUTTLE PAYLOADS; ANEMIAS; ASTRONAUTS
|Construction and demonstration of a 9-string 6 DOF force reflecting joystick for telerobotics - Lindemann, Randel|
Confrontation with difficult manipulation tasks in hostile environments such as space, has led to the development of means to transport the human's senses, skills and cognition to the remote site. The use of advanced Telerobotics to achieve this goal is examined. A novel and universal hand controller based on a fully parallel mechanical architecture is discussed. The design and implementation of this 6 DOF force reflecting joystick is shown in relationship to the general philosophy of achieving ...
Keywords: BED REST; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; ELECTROLYTE METABOLISM; ERGOMETERS; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM; URINE; BIOCHEMISTRY; HEAD DOWN TILT; HYPOKINESIA; LOWER BODY NEGATIVE PRESSURE; PHYSICAL EXERCISE; PHYSIOLOGY; SPACE FLIGHT; BLOOD
|Experimental and analytical studies of a true airspeed sensor - Goglia, G. L.|
A true airspeed sensor based on the precession of a vortex whistle for sensing airspeeds up to 321.9 km/hr (200 mph). In an attempt to model the complicated fluid mechanics of the vortex precession, three dimensional, inviscid, unsteady, incompressible fluid flow was studied by using the hydrodynamical linearized stability theory. The temporal stability approach was used to derive the relationship between the true airspeed and frequency response...
Keywords: DEGENERATION; HUMAN BEINGS; HYPODYNAMIA; INSOMNIA; ORTHOSTATIC TOLERANCE; RATS; REACTIVITY; STABILITY; HYPOKINESIA; MOBILITY; MYOCARDIUM; PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; PROTEIN METABOLISM; PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS; ARTERIOSCLEROSIS; FATIGUE (BIOLOGY)
|Renal-Stone Risk Assessment During Space Shuttle Flights - Whitson, Peggy A.|
The metabolic and environmental factors influencing renal stone formation before, during, and after Space Shuttle flights were assessed. We established the contributing roles of dietary factors in relationship to the urinary risk factors associated with renal stone formation. 24-hr urine samples were collected prior to, during space flight, and following landing. Urinary factors associated with renal stone formation were analyzed and the relative urinary supersaturation ratios of calcium oxalate...
Keywords: BLOOD FLOW; MICROGRAVITY; TIBIA; NECK (ANATOMY); HYPOKINESIA; HYDROSTATICS; GRAVITATION; FACE (ANATOMY); CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; MICROGRAVITY APPLICATIONS; VASOCONSTRICTION; PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES; CAPILLARY FLOW; ATTITUDE (INCLINATION); ARTERIES; ACCLIMATIZATION
|Formation of Lignans(-)-Secoisolariciresinol and (-)-Matairesinol with Forsythia intermedia Cell-Free Extracts - Umezawa, Toshiaki|
In vivo labeling experiments of Forsythia intermedia plant tissue with [8-(C-14)]- and [9,9-(2)H2,OC(2)H3]coniferyl alcohols revealed that the lignans, (-)-secoisolariciresinol and (-)-matairesinol, were derived from two coniferyl alcohol molecules; no evidence for the formation of the corresponding ()-enantiomers was found. Administration of (/-)-[Ar-(H-3)] secoisolariciresinols to excised shoots of F.intermedia resulted in a significant conversion into (-)-matairesinol; again, the ()-antipode ...
Keywords: DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS; EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY; LIMBS (ANATOMY); PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PULMONARY FUNCTIONS; HYPOBARIC ATMOSPHERES; RATS; MICROGRAVITY; HYPOKINESIA; MUSCULAR FUNCTION; HEMODYNAMIC RESPONSES; WEIGHTLESSNESS SIMULATION; VAPOR PHASES; TISSUES (BIOLOGY); ASTRONAUT PERFORMANCE
|SPACE BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE - NON|
SPACE PSYCHOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY, LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS, RADIOBIOLOGY, ACCELERATION TOLERANCE, MEDICAL DIAGNOSTICS BY COMPUTER, ASTRONAUT SELECTION, AND HYPOKINESIA PREVENTION
Keywords: ACCELERATION TOLERANCE; LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS; NUTRITION; PERSONNEL SELECTION; PREVENTION; RADIOBIOLOGY; SPACE PSYCHOLOGY; ACCELERATION TOLERANCE; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM; PERSONNEL SELECTION; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; RADIOBIOLOGY; ANIMALS; ASTRONAUTS; DIAGNOSIS; EXOBIOLOGY; HABITABILITY; HYPOKINESIA; HYPOXIA
|PROCESSING OF THE RESULTS OF THE RADAR MEASUREMENTS OF THE MARS FROM THE EARTH IN 1971, APPLICABLE TO THE PROBLEMS OF RADAR ALTIMETRY - KRUPENIO, N. N.|
THE SPECIFIC EFFECTIVE SCATTERING AREA AT NORMAL INCIDENCE, BACKSCATTERING DIAGRAM WIDTHS, AND COEFFICIENT OF REFLECTION OF THE SURFACE LAYERS OF MARS WERE DETERMINED FROM THE RESULTS OF RADAR MEASUREMENTS OF MARS FROM EARTH IN 1971, AT WAVELENGTHS OF 3.8 AND 12.5 CM. TABLES AND GRAPHS ARE INCLUDED.
Keywords: AEROSPACE MEDICINE; GRAVIRECEPTORS; HUMAN REACTIONS; HYPOKINESIA; MANNED SPACE FLIGHT; PROPHYLAXIS; SPACE FLIGHT STRESS; WEIGHTLESSNESS SIMULATION; APOLLO SPACECRAFT; ASTRONAUTS; GEMINI FLIGHTS; PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES; SALYUT SPACE STATION; SOYUZ SPACECRAFT; WEIGHTLESSNESS; ANIMALS
|Instability and Transition of Flow at, and Near, an Attachment-Line: Including Control by Surface Suction - Smith, A.|
Experiments have been performed on an untapered, swept cylinder model in the Cranfield College of Aeronautics 8 ft x 6 ft low-speed wind tunnel to investigate the effect of surface transpiration on the process of relaminarization in the attachment-line boundary layer. Suction coefficients for complete suppression of turbulence were determined as a function of Reynolds number and spanwise distance. The effect of attachment-line suction on the spanwise propagation of gross disturbances emanating f...
Keywords: ARTIFICIAL GRAVITY; SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITERS; SPACE FLIGHT; PHYSIOLOGY; MICROGRAVITY; MALES; LOSSES; HYPOKINESIA; EXPOSURE; COUNTERMEASURES; BED REST; PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES; PHYSICAL EXERCISE; ORTHOSTATIC TOLERANCE; LOWER BODY NEGATIVE PRESSURE; VACUUM; TREADMILLS; SPACECREWS